[Original Post]

https://www.itsalif.info/content/android-volley-tutorial-http-get-post-put


[Download JAR]

http://search.maven.org/#search%7Cga%7C1%7Cg%3A%22com.mcxiaoke.volley%22


[GitHub]

https://github.com/mcxiaoke/android-volley


----------

Google released Android Volley Library around May/June 2013, which has been internally used by Google for some time. It is supposed to provide Fast Networking Operations and also takes care of Threads nicely. If you are unfamiliar with Volley, please see Google I/O 2013 Video

Unfortunately, there is almost no documentation on Volley. So, I put together code snippets on how to make Volley HTTP Requests (GET, POST, PUT, DELETE).


[Setting up Android Volley Library]

Setting up is straight-forward. Clone the Volley project from here and then import the Volley into project. A comprehensive tutorial on setting up can be found here.


[Key Classes of Android Volley]

The following are the Key classes of Volley:

– RequestQueue: A Queue containing the Network/HTTP Requests that needs to be made.

– Request: A Base Class which contains Network related information like HTTP Methods.

– StringRequest: HTTP Request where the response is parsed a String. View Source

– JsonObjectRequest: HTTP Request where the response is JSONObject. View Source



[Getting Started with Android Volley]

At first make a RequestQueue, which holds the HTTP Requests. View Source. Ideally, the RequestQueue should be made once and then referred to it across the Application. The Application is an ideal place to make it.

--------------

RequestQueue queue = Volley.newRequestQueue(this);  // this = context



[Making GET Requests]

Making GET Requests is simple. The example below uses JsonObjectRequest. It prepares a JsonObjectRequest and

passes and then adds it to RequestQueue. The JsonObject accepts 4 parameters (Http method, Url, Json values, Response Listener – Invoked on success, Error Listener – Invoked on failure).

-------------

final String url = "http://httpbin.org/get?param1=hello";

 

// prepare the Request

JsonObjectRequest getRequest = new JsonObjectRequest(Request.Method.GET, url, null,

    new Response.Listener<JSONObject>() 

    {

        @Override

        public void onResponse(JSONObject response) {   

                        // display response     

            Log.d("Response", response.toString());

        }

    }, 

    new Response.ErrorListener() 

    {

         @Override

         public void onErrorResponse(VolleyError error) {            

            Log.d("Error.Response", response);

       }

    }

);

 

// add it to the RequestQueue   

queue.add(getRequest);



[Making POST Requests]

For a POST request, to add form parameters/values, the getParams() method needs to be overridden and a Map needs to be returned.

----------------

url = "http://httpbin.org/post";

StringRequest postRequest = new StringRequest(Request.Method.POST, url, 

    new Response.Listener<String>() 

    {

        @Override

        public void onResponse(String response) {

            // response

            Log.d("Response", response);

        }

    }, 

    new Response.ErrorListener() 

    {

         @Override

         public void onErrorResponse(VolleyError error) {

             // error

             Log.d("Error.Response", response);

       }

    }

) {     

    @Override

    protected Map<String, String> getParams() 

    {  

            Map<String, String>  params = new HashMap<String, String>();  

            params.put("name", "Alif");  

            params.put("domain", "http://itsalif.info");

             

            return params;  

    }

};

queue.add(postRequest);



[Making PUT Requests]

Creating PUT Request is same as POST basically.

---------------

url = "http://httpbin.org/put";

StringRequest putRequest = new StringRequest(Request.Method.PUT, url, 

    new Response.Listener<String>() 

    {

        @Override

        public void onResponse(String response) {

            // response

            Log.d("Response", response);

        }

    }, 

    new Response.ErrorListener() 

    {

         @Override

         public void onErrorResponse(VolleyError error) {

                         // error

             Log.d("Error.Response", response);

       }

    }

) {

 

    @Override

    protected Map<String, String> getParams() 

    {  

            Map<String, String>  params = new HashMap<String, String> ();  

            params.put("name", "Alif");  

            params.put("domain", "http://itsalif.info");

             

            return params;  

    }

 

};

 

queue.add(putRequest);



[Making DELETE Requests]

------------

url = "http://httpbin.org/delete";

StringRequest dr = new StringRequest(Request.Method.DELETE, url, 

    new Response.Listener<String>() 

    {

        @Override

        public void onResponse(String response) {

            // response

            Toast.makeText($this, response, Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();

        }

    }, 

    new Response.ErrorListener() 

    {

         @Override

         public void onErrorResponse(VolleyError error) {

             // error.

              

       }

    }

);

queue.add(dr);



저작자 표시 비영리 변경 금지
신고

BELATED ARTICLES

more